Investigating Depression Literacy in Military Adults of Mashhad - Payesh (Health Monitor)
Sat, Jun 15, 2024
OPEN ACCESS
Volume 23, Issue 3 (May-June 2024)                   Payesh 2024, 23(3): 473-479 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.BMSU.REC.1401.083


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi M, Raiisi F, Ghahvehchi-Hosseini F, Jafari K, Rahmati‌ F. Investigating Depression Literacy in Military Adults of Mashhad. Payesh 2024; 23 (3) :473-479
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-2190-en.html
1- Health Research Center, Life style institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Institute of Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran
3- Behavioral Science Research Center, Life style institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Students' research committee, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (310 Views)
Objective(s): Depression literacy is an important concept and having adequate depression literacy can improve prevention, early diagnosis, intervention, and prognosis of depression. The current study is a short report on depression literacy in military personnel.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study. The statistical population of this study consisted of all military personnel who were referred to the psychology and counseling clinics of the military in Mashhad, Iran from May to September 2022, which included 1500 clients. Based on Cochran's sample size formula, 300 military personnel completed the depression literacy questionnaires of Griffiths et al. and the second edition of Depression by Beck et al. The findings were analyzed with SPSS-24 software and Spearman`s correlation test.
Results: Among the indicators of depression literacy, awareness of cognitive-behavioral symptoms received the lowest score while awareness of psychological symptoms obtained the highest score. Moreover, having a history of depression and the military deployment had a significant effect on the component of the signs and symptoms of depression (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Psychotherapists in barracks should teach new soldiers about the symptoms of depression and what can be the underlying factors of depression in military personnel and soldiers.
Full-Text [PDF 695 kb]   (116 Downloads)    
type of study: Descriptive | Subject: Health Psychologhy
Received: 2023/06/26 | Accepted: 2023/12/2 | ePublished ahead of print: 2024/04/20 | Published: 2024/06/1

References
1. Disu TR, Anne NJ, Griffiths MD, Mamun MA. Risk factors of geriatric depression among elderly Bangladeshi people: a pilot interview study. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 2019;44:163-9 [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2019.07.050]
2. Dobrek L , Głowacka K. Depression and Its Phytopharmacotherapy-A Narrative Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2023;24: 4772 [DOI:10.3390/ijms24054772]
3. Hosseini Moghaddam F, Amiri Delui M, Sadegh Moghadam L, Kameli F, Moradi M, Khajavian N, et al. Prevalence of depression and its related factors during the COVID-19 quarantine among the elderly in Iran. Iranian Journal of Ageing 2021;16:140-51 [DOI:10.32598/sija.16.1.2850.1]
4. Saffari M, Sanaeinasab H, Rashidi-jahan H, Pakpour AH. Common Mental Health Disorders in Military Forces: A Systematic. Journal of Military Health Promotion 2021;1:172-81
5. Mohammadi M, Vaisi-Raygani A, Jalali R, Ghobadi A, Salalri N. Prevalence of depression in soldiers of Iranian military centers: A meta-analysis. EBNESINA Journal 2020;21:34-40[In Persian]
6. Wang H, Tian X, Wang X, Wang Y. Evolution and emerging trends in depression research from 2004 to 2019: A literature visualization analysis. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2021;12:705749 [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2021.705749]
7. Mali B, Akter H, Arafat SY. Demographical Factors of Suicidal Ideation: A Cross-Sectional Study in Bangladesh. Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry 2018;27:7-13
8. Raiisi F, Riyassi M. Cognitive analysis of conceptual metaphors for depression from the perspective of clinical psychologists: A qualitative study. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health 2022;24:145-151
9. Lee YJ. Depression Literacy, Associated Factors, and Correlation of Related Variables in Middle-Aged Korean Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public health 2023;20: 6021 [DOI:10.3390/ijerph20116021]
10. Wang J, Lai D. The relationship between mental health literacy, personal contacts and personal stigma against depression. Journal of Affective Disorders 2008;110:191-6 [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2008.01.005]
11. Hickie AM IB, Davenport TA, Luscombe GM, Rong Y, Hickie ML, Bell MI. The assessment of depression awareness and help-seeking behaviour: experiences with the International Depression Literacy Survey. BMC Psychiatry 2007;7:1-12 [DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-7-48]
12. Burns JR, Rapee RM. Adolescent mental health literacy: young people's knowledge of depression and help seeking. Journal of Adolescence 2006;29:225-39 [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.05.004]
13. Soleimani-Sefat E, Parandeh A, Rahmati F, Kamalikhah T. Development and psychometric properties of the mental health literacy questionnaire (MHLQ) among young iranian soldiers. International Journal of Preventive Medicine 2022;13:13-101 [DOI:10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_468_20]
14. Griffiths KM, Christensen H, Jorm AF, Evans K, Groves C. Effect of web-based depression literacy and cognitive-behavioural therapy interventions on stigmatising attitudes to depression: Randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2004;185:342-9 [DOI:10.1192/bjp.185.4.342]
15. Rajabi G, Karju Kasmai S. Psychometric properties of a Persian language version of the beck depression inventory second edition. Quarterly of Educational Measurement 2012;3:139-58
16. Griffiths KM, Christensen H, Jorm AF, Evans K, Groves C. Effect of web-based depression literacy and cognitive-behavioural therapy interventions on stigmatising attitudes to depression: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2004;185:342-9 [DOI:10.1192/bjp.185.4.342]
17. Gulliver A, Griffiths KM, Christensen H, Mackinnon A, Calear AL, Parsons A, et al. Internet-based interventions to promote mental health help-seeking in elite athletes: an exploratory randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2012;14.e69 [DOI:10.2196/jmir.1864]
18. Mamun MA, Al-Mamun F, Islam J, Muhit M. Prevalence and associated factors of suicidal behaviors among Bangladeshi rural community people: Findings from the 'BD ComMen Study'. PLoS One 2022;17: e0279271 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0279271]
19. Montazeri A, Mousavi SJ, Omidvari S, Tavousi M, Hashemi A, Rostami T. Depression in Iran: a systematic review of the literature (2000-2010). Journal of the Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research (Payesh) 2013;12:567-94 [Persian]
20. Castillo RC, Carlini AR, Doukas WC, Hayda RA, Frisch HM, Andersen RC, et al. Pain, Depression, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Major Extremity Trauma Among United States Military Serving in Iraq and Afghanistan: Results From the Military Extremity Trauma and Amputation/Limb Salvage Study. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 2021;35:e96-e102 [DOI:10.1097/BOT.0000000000001921]
21. Ibrahim N, Amit N, Shahar S, Wee LH, Ismail R, Khairuddin R, et al. Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia. BMC Public Health 2019;19:019-6862 [DOI:10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb