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Volume 19, Issue 6 (November - December 2020)                   Payesh 2020, 19(6): 621-632 | Back to browse issues page

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Dorahaki A, Noubahkt R. Socio-economic status of Iranian ageing women based on official statistics and policy requirements based on futuristic demographic scenarios. Payesh. 2020; 19 (6) :621-632
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1410-en.html
1- Faculty of Social Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1141 Views)
Objective (s): Due to the higher life expectancy of women than men, the number of ageing women is significantly higher than ageing men, which is known as the feminization of ageing. The objective of this article is to identify socio-economic status of Iranian ageing women and policy requirements according to official statistics and futuristic scenarios of the population.
Methods: In order to understand socio-economic status of ageing women in Iran, the 2016 census data and other official statistics has been used. Also, according to the demographic scenarios, the situation of ageing women in the perspective of 2050 has been analyzed.
Results: Based on the processing of official statistics, it can be said that the ageing women make up about 9.5% of the total female population of the country, which is expected to increase to about 32.7% by 2050, based on the prediction of a probable future scenario. At present 99.72% of ageing women live in normal households; 44% of are literate (50% with primary education). The economic participation rate of ageing women is 6% and the unemployment rate is 1.8%. 43.3% have lost their husbands and 24% of ageing women live alone. Also, 39.7% of ageing women are heads of households in which they live.
Conclusion: The high and increasing number of ageing women headed households is one of the most important findings of the present study. Demographic and social policy requirements in this regard are discussed.
Full-Text [PDF 733 kb]   (309 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: Paramedical
Received: 2020/07/25 | Accepted: 2020/10/10 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/11/15 | Published: 2020/12/20

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