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Volume 17, Issue 4 (July-August 2018)                   Payesh 2018, 17(4): 371-379 | Back to browse issues page

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Zahra Farghadani, Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Alireza Airi-Mehra, Ali Montazeri. Self-care behaviors and its related factors in patients with heart failure. Payesh 2018; 17 (4) :371-379
1- Students Research committee, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2- School of Paramedical Sciences, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3- Students Research committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3301 Views)
Objective (s): Self-care could prevent frequent admission and promote health in patients with heart failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-care and its related factors in patients with heart failure.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 patients with heart failure who were referred to teaching hospitals in Qom, Iran  were selected through convenience sampling. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the Self-care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI) and the European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFSCBS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and multiple regression analysis.
Results: The mean age of patients was 55.13 ± 13.76 years and 59% were men. More than half of the patients had moderate self-care status. The highest and lowest self-care scores were related to self-confidence in self-care with mean and standard deviation of 58.82 ± 17.47 and self-care management with mean and standard deviation of 53.94 ± 15.41. The results of regression analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between the variables studied, duration of illness and discharge fraction with self-care (P <0.05).
Conclusion: The findings showed that self-care status of patients with heart failure was moderate. The focus and attention in nursing care and medical care, in order to improve and promote the self-care status, especially management of self-care in these patients, seems necessary. Further studies on the barriers and facilitators of self-care behaviors are recommended.
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type of study: Descriptive |
Accepted: 2018/06/26 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/07/28 | Published: 2018/07/15

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