Tue, Jun 22, 2021
OPEN ACCESS
Volume 19, Issue 6 (November - December 2020)                   Payesh 2020, 19(6): 633-644 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: -


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amraei M, Faraji Khiavi F. Control policies in Iran, South Korea, China and Germany against Covid-19: A cross country investigation. Payesh. 2020; 19 (6) :633-644
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1419-en.html
1- Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (1131 Views)
Objective (s): Since the rapid expansion of Covid 19, a series of precise prevention and control measures have been taken place to reduce the prevalence of this pandemic in China and other countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to compare the policies of selected countries to combat the corona virus disease 2019.
Methods: This comparative review study conducted in 2020. Required information (demographic information, statistical information, control policies and their results) extracted from articles from official and valid databases and sites.
Results: The selected countries have more and less implemented these policies: quarantining infected patients, the restrictions, health education, disease detection, punishing for defecting Covid-19 laws, and recessing schools and universities. South Korea and China have also implemented quarantine policies for contaminated cities and geographical tracking.
Conclusion: A set of comprehensive, coordinated and integrated policies and measures was implemented by successful countries for controlling Covid-19 spread including: quarantine of patients and cities, extensive disease detection, geographical tracking, penalties for violating protocols, health education. Countries in where the policies were implemented more strictly were more successful in controlling this pandemic.  
Full-Text [PDF 582 kb]   (287 Downloads)    
type of study: Reviw Article | Subject: Paramedical
Received: 2020/08/4 | Accepted: 2020/10/27 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/11/29 | Published: 2020/12/20

References
1. Doshmangir L, et al. East Asia's Strategies for Effective Response to COVID-19: Lessons Learned for Iran. Management Strategies in Health System 2020; 4: 370-373 [Persian] [DOI:10.18502/mshsj.v4i4.2542]
2. Anderson M, Mckee M, Mossialos E. Developing a sustainable exit strategy for COVID-19: health, economic and public policy implications. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2020; 113: 176-178 [DOI:10.1177/0141076820925229]
3. Kong XS, et al. Epidemic prevention and control measures in China significantly curbed the epidemic of COVID-19 and influenza. medRxiv 2020. DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.09.20058859 [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.09.20058859]
4. Erkhembayar R, et al. Early policy actions and emergency response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Mongolia: experiences and challenges. Lancet Glob Health 2020. doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30295-3 [DOI:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30295-3]
5. Bedford J, et al. COVID-19: towards controlling of a pandemic. The Lancet 2020; 395: 1015-1018 [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30673-5]
6. Weible CM, et al. COVID-19 and the policy sciences: initial reactions and perspectives. Policy Sciences 2020; 53: 225-241 [DOI:10.1007/s11077-020-09381-4]
7. Pejman MM, fereidooni A. Coronavirus epidemic: prediction and controlling measures. medRxiv 2020. DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.11.20062125 [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.11.20062125]
8. Gu J, et al. Better Strategies for Containing COVID-19 Epidemics --- A Study of 25 Countries via an Extended Varying Coefficient SEIR Model. medRxiv 2020. DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.27.20081232 [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.27.20081232]
9. Amiri MM, Shams L, Nasiri T. Identifying and Categorizing the Dimensions of Iran's Health System Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Military Medicine 2020; 22: 108-114 [Persian]
10. Abdi M. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Iran: Actions and problems. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2020; 41: 754-755 [DOI:10.1017/ice.2020.86]
11. Kokabisaghi F, et al. Impact of United States political sanctions on international collaborations and research in Iran. BMJ global health 2019; 4: e001692 [DOI:10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001692]
12. Tsiotas D, Magafas L. The effect of anti-COVID-19 policies to the evolution of the disease: A complex network analysis to the successful case of Greece. arXiv 2020. https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.06536 [DOI:10.3390/physics2020017]
13. Singer D. Clinical and health policy challenges in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Postgraduate Medical Journal 2020; 96: 373-374 [DOI:10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138027]
14. WHO, Global surveillance for human infection with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). 2020. pdf. Switzerland, Geneva; 2020
15. WHO, Report of the WHO-china joint mission on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). WHO: 2020 Available from:
16. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/report-of-the-who-china-joint-mission-on-coronavirus-disease-2019-(covid-19)
17. Heymann DL, Shindo N. COVID-19: what is next for public health?. Lancet 2020; 395: 542-545 [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30374-3]
18. Yang Y, Shang W, Rao X. Facing the COVID-19 outbreak: What should we know and what could we do?. Journal of Medical Virology 2020; 92: 536-537 [DOI:10.1002/jmv.25720]
19. Barbarossa MV, et al. The impact of current and future control measures on the spread of COVID-19 in Germany. medRxiv 2020. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.18.20069955 [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.18.20069955 DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.18.20069955]
20. ISC(Islamic World Science Citation Center). 2020; Available from: https://maps.isc.gov.ir/covid19.
21. Zhong N, Zeng G. What we have learnt from SARS epidemics in China. BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 2006; 333: 389-391 [DOI:10.1136/bmj.333.7564.389]
22. Humphrey L, et al. A path out of COVID-19 quarantine: an analysis of policy scenarios. medRxiv 2020. DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.23.20077503 [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.23.20077503]
23. Taghrir MH, Akbarialiabad H, Ahmadi Marzaleh M. Efficacy of Mass Quarantine as Leverage of Health System Governance During COVID-19 Outbreak: A Mini Policy Review. Archives of Iranian medicine 2020; 23: 265-267 [DOI:10.34172/aim.2020.08]
24. Thompson D. What's Behind South Korea's COVID-19 Exceptionalism?. 2020; Available from: https://theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/05/whats-south-koreas-secret/611215/.
25. Chu DK, et al. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet 2020; 395:1973-1987 [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9]
26. Thunstrom L, et al. The Benefits and Costs of Using Social Distancing to Flatten the Curve for COVID-19. Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis 2020; 1-17 [DOI:10.1017/bca.2020.12]
27. Adolph C, et al. Pandemic Politics: Timing State-Level Social Distancing Responses to COVID-19. 2020; 16:8802162 [DOI:10.33774/apsa-2020-sf0ps]
28. Block P, et al. Social network-based distancing strategies to flatten the COVID-19 curve in a post-lockdown world. Nature Human Behaviour 2020; 4: 588-596 [DOI:10.1038/s41562-020-0898-6]
29. Hamidi S, Sabouri S, Ewing R, Does Density Aggravate the COVID-19 Pandemic?: Early Findings and Lessons for Planners. Journal of the American Planning Association 2020; 86:1-15 [DOI:10.1080/01944363.2020.1777891]
30. Allam M, et al. COVID-19 Diagnostics, Tools, and Prevention 2020; 10: 409 [DOI:10.3390/diagnostics10060409]
31. Kaushik G, et al. Analysis of Effectiveness of Quarantine Measures in Controlling COVID-19. medRxiv 2020. DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.21.20074245. [DOI:10.1101/2020.04.21.20074245]
32. Raoofi A, et al. COVID-19 Pandemic and Comparative Health Policy Learning in Iran. Arch Iran Med March 2020; 23: 220-234 [DOI:10.34172/aim.2020.02]
33. Research on the cultural and social dimensions of the corona virus crisis in Iran. Research Institute for Cultural and Social Studies of the Ministry of Science Research and Technology 2020. Available from: https://www.msrt.ir/file/download/news/1585426862-.pdf
34. Zamani SG, Abadi KG. Sanctions as State's Violation of International Obligations in Protection of Human Rights. Medical Law Journal 2017; 11: 111-135 [Persian]
35. Peyravi M, Ahmadi Marzaleh M. The Effect of the US Sanctions on Humanitarian Aids during the Great Flood of Iran in 2019. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2020; 35: 1-2 [DOI:10.1017/S1049023X20000242]
36. Gharebaghi R, Heidary F. COVID-19 and Iran: swimming with hands tied!. Swiss Medical Weekly 2020; 150: 15-16 [DOI:10.4414/smw.2020.20242]
37. Gorji A. Sanctions against Iran: The Impact on Health Services. Iran J Public Health 2014; 43:281-2

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb