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Volume 7, Issue 3 (JULY 2008)                   Payesh 2008, 7(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammad K., Asgari F., Goya M.M., Fotouhi A., Yousefi A.. Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection among Iranian prisoners during 2001-2005. Payesh. 2008; 7 (3)
Abstract:   (4921 Views)
Objective(s): To determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection, as a blood borne viral infection, among prisoners and its associated factors in Iran.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 5317 inmates, who had stayed in prison for at least 3 months, were tested in 7 provinces from 2001 to 2005. The degree of contamination with HBV and its association with age and drug abuse were evaluated.
Results: The frequency of contamination with HBV ranged from 1% to 15% in different prisons. Overall frequency was 6.7 % (95% CI: 6.1%-7.4%). The crude and adjusted association between HBV infection and age was studied. While adjusted for prisons. The result showed no significant association between age and HBV infection (P = 0.88) based on Mantel Heanszel test. However, there was a significant association between HBV infection and drug abuse in two out of seven prisons (where the data was available).
Conclusion: The frequency of contamination with HBV infection is relatively high (more than twice) in prisons comparing to the general population (6.7% VS 2.8%). Planning regular screening, preventive practices such as vaccination against HBV in prisoners as well as easy access to therapeutic facilities are highly recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 269 kb]   (2988 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: Medical
Accepted: 2018/11/28 | Published: 2008/07/15

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