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Volume 10, Issue 3 (JULY 2011)                   Payesh 2011, 10(3): 373-380 | Back to browse issues page

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Sepideh Omidvari, Ali Azin, Ali Montazeri, Jila Sadighi, Katayoun Jahangiri, Afsoon Aeenparast, et al . Trait anxiety among Iranians: a nationwide study. Payesh. 2011; 10 (3) :373-380
Abstract:   (5157 Views)

Objective (s): To collect data on self-reported anxiety among the general population in Iran and indicate its contributing factors.
Methods: This was a nationwide cross sectional study. A random sample of individuals aged between 18 and 65 years were entered into the study. Respondents were asked to rate their anxiety on a 5-point scale. The record of demographic and socioeconomic data included age, gender, education, marital status, employment, income, and chronic diseases. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios for contributing factors to self-reported anxiety.
Results: In all 27,883 individuals took part in the study. The mean age of respondents was 32.7 (SD = 11.8) years. Overall 20.1% reported that they were very or very much anxious. The results obtained from logistic regression analysis showed that females [OR=1.52], lower income groups [OR for lowest income group=1.53], having at least one chronic disease [OR=1.27], and those with lower self-reported health [OR for lowest group=5.12], were more likely to suffer from poor mental health.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that there were inverse relationships between anxiety, income and self-reported health. The contributing of income to psychological distress might be explained in the context of social determinants of health.
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type of study: Research | Subject: Medical
Accepted: 2018/11/28 | Published: 2011/07/15

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