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Volume 10, Issue 3 (JULY 2011)                   Payesh 2011, 10(3): 355-363 | Back to browse issues page

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Maryam Vahdaninia, Mahdi Ebadi, Ali Azin, Afsoon Aeenparast, Sepideh Omidvari, Katayoun Jahangiri, et al . How people rate their own health: a nationwide study from Iran. Payesh. 2011; 10 (3) :355-363
Abstract:   (5286 Views)

Objective (s): Little is known about self-reported health in developing countries such as Iran. As part of a large study on health perception in Iran this was investigated.
Methods: This was a nationwide cross sectional study. A random sample of individuals aged between 18 and 65 years were entered into the study. Respondents were asked to rate their own present health status on a 5-point scale. The record of demographic and socioeconomic data included age, gender, education, marital status, employment, income, place of residence, and chronic diseases. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for indicating of the contributing factors to self-reported health.
Results: In all 27,883 individuals were studied. The mean age of respondents was 32.7 (SD = 11.8) years. 71.5% rated their health as good or better than good while the remaining 28.5% indicated their health less than good and poor. The findings showed that in addition to some demographic variables, the most contributing factors to poor self-rated health were: income [Or=2.81 for lower income], and presence of chronic diseases [OR=7.6, 85%CI=6.8-7.5]. Living in smaller towns was found to contribute to a better self-reported health [OR=0.89, P=0.01].
Conclusion: The findings indicated that there were inverse relationships between self-reported health and socioeconomic and ecological factors. The results suggest that social determinants of health play an important role in people's evaluation of their own health status. Policies need to address these concerns.
Keywords: Health, Health status, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 160 kb]   (2093 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: Medical
Accepted: 2018/11/28 | Published: 2011/07/15

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