Tue, Jan 18, 2022
Volume 20, Issue 6 (November - December 2021)                   Payesh 2021, 20(6): 719-729 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.IAU.TMU.REC.1399.420

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

solatpetloo A, vaziri S, lotfikashani F. Application of reaction method based on the meanings hidden in overt behaviors and its effect on marital adaptability. Payesh. 2021; 20 (6) :719-729
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1745-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
Abstract:   (266 Views)
Objective (s): The present study aimed to examine a method focused on reacting based on the hidden meanings of overt behaviors and its effect on marriage adaptability.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study. Participants were sixty clients referred to psychological and counseling centers in Karaj, Iran with marital adjustment problems. They were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into two groups of fifteen pairs: experimental and control groups. The Spanier Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS), was used to collect information about research variables. Couples in the experimental group received a combination of self-monitoring and self-regulatory therapy for ten sessions to modify their communication actions. The control group only received the usual care.
Results: The results showed that compared to the control group, marital adaptability significantly improved in the experimental group at post-treatment and at two-months follow-up assessments (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The findings suggest that method of reacting based on the hidden meanings of overt behaviors using the model of self-monitoring and self-regulation could be effective.
Full-Text [PDF 754 kb]   (84 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: psychologhy
Received: 2021/09/22 | Accepted: 2021/10/27 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/11/7 | Published: 2021/12/20

1. Peña-Ayala A. Metacognition: Fundaments, applications, and trends: A profile of the current state- of- the- art (Vol. 76). 1st Edition, Springer: USA, 2015 [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-11062-2]
2. Schunk DH. Learning theories: An educational perspective. 6st Edition, Pearson Education, Inc; Boston, 2012
3. Schultz Duane p, Schultz Sydney Ellen. Theorise of pesonality.10st Edition, Translated by yahya seyed mohammadi: Tehran, 2013[Persian]
4. Moors A. On the causal role of appraisal in emotion. Emotion Review 2013; 2: 132-140. [DOI:10.1177/1754073912463601]
5. Demaree HA, Everhart DE, Youngstrom EA, Harrison DW. Brain Lateralization of emotional processing: Historical roots and a future incorporating "dominance". Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews 2005; 1: 3-20. [DOI:10.1177/1534582305276837]
6. Rogers CR. Towards a science of the person. In T. Wann (ED), behaviourism and phenomenology: contrasting bases for modern psychology. 1st Edition, university of Chicago press: USA, 1964
7. Spellman F. The social exchange theory: We all weight out our options. Journal of Personality Assessment 2013; 50: 18-23
8. Fairclough N. Language and power. 2st EditionLongman: UK, 2001
9. Hansen GL. Marital adjustment and conventionalization: A reexamination. Journal of Marriage and Family, 1981; 4: 855-63. [DOI:10.2307/351342]
10. Bali A, Dhingra R, Baru A. Marital adjustment of childless couples. Journal of Social Sciences 2010 [DOI:10.1080/09718923.2010.11892839]
11. Oulia N, Fatehizadeh M, Bahrami F. The study of effectiveness of instruction marital enrichment on increasing of marital intimacy. Journal of Family Research 2006; 6: 119-135 [Persian]
12. Durgut S, Kisa S. Predictors of marital adjustment among child brides. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 2018 [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2018.03.006 5: 670- 676.]
13. Farahbakhsh K, Shafieabadi A, Ahmadi S, Delavar A. Comparison of effectiveness of rational emotive behavior therapy, reality therapy and electic approach reduction marital conflicts in isfahan. Counceling Research and Development 2006; 18: 33-57 [Persian]
14. Long L, Young G. Counseling and therapy for couples, CA: Thomson Books/Cole Pub, 2006
15. Vulcan M, Shuper E. Body and movement in couple therapy: The intake phase. The Arts in Psychotherapy 2019; 64: 49-58. [DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2019.02.001]
16. Halford WK, Lizzio A, Wilson KL, Occhipinti S. Does working at your marriage help? Couple relationship self-regulation and satisfaction in the first 4 years of marriage. Journal Psychology 2007; 2: 185-94. [DOI:10.1037/0893-3200.21.2.185]
17. Rochat L, Manolov R, Billieux J. Efficacy of metacognitive therapy in improving mental health: A meta-analysis of single-case studies. Journal Clinical Psychology 2018; 6: 896-915 [DOI:10.1002/jclp.22567]
18. Welch TS, Lachmar EM, Leija SG, Easley T, Blow AJ, Wittenborn AK. Establishing safety in emotionally focused couple therapy: A single-case process study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 2019; 4: 621-634 [DOI:10.1111/jmft.12398]
19. Okabayashi H. Self-Regulation, Marital Climate, and Emotional Well-Being among Japanese Older Couples. Cross Cult Gerontol 2020; 4: 433-452 [DOI:10.1007/s10823-020-09409-5]
20. Kalkan M, Ersanli E. The Effects of the Marriage Enrichment Program Based on the Cognitive-Behavioral Approach on the Marital Adjustment of Couples. Educ. Pract. Theory 2008; 3: 977-86. ERIC Number: EJ837773.
21. Kavihta C, Rangan U, Kumar Nirmalan P. Quality of Life and Marital Adjustment after Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Behavioural Marital Therapy in Couples with Anxiety Disorders. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2014; 8: WC01-WC04. doi: 10.7860/ JCDR/2014/9692.4752. [PubMed: 25302250], [PubMed Central: PMC4190 77 6].
22. Gottman J, Tabares A. The effects of briefly interrupting marital conflict. Journal of Marital and FamilyTherapy 2018; 1: 61-72. doi.org/10.1111/jmft. 12243 [DOI:10.1111/jmft.12243]
23. Arianfar N, Etemadi O. The effect of integrated couple therapy based on self- regulation attachment on marital adjustment. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2017; 2: 61-71. [Persian]
24. Su-Kubricht LP. The effect of common factor therapist behaviors on ghange in marital satisfaction. 2018. Theses and Dissertations. 7453. byu. Edu /etd /7453.
25. Asem FM, Kashani FL, Vaziri Sh. The effectiveness of four-factor therapy: the relationship of therapy, therapy expectation, increasing awareness and ordered behavior on reducing marriage conflicts. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 2017; 2: 119-127 [Persian] [DOI:10.1515/ajis-2017-0014]
26. Christensen A, Atkins DC, Baucom B, Yi J. Marital status and satisfaction five years following a randomized clinical trial comparing traditional versus integrative behavioral couple therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2010; 2: 225-235. doi.org/ 10. 10 37/ a0 018132 [DOI:10.1037/a0018132]
27. Perissutti C, Barraca J. Integrative behavioral couple therapy vs. Traditional behavioral couple therapy: A theoretical review of the differential effectiveness. Journal of Clinicaly Saluda 2013; 1: 11-18. doi.org/10.5093/cl2013a2 [DOI:10.5093/cl2013a2]
28. DeLongis A, Zwicker A. Marital satisfaction and divorce in couples in stepfamilies. Current Opinion in Psychology 2017; 13: 158-61. doi: 10.1016 /j. copsyc. 20 16 . 11.003. [DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2016.11.003]
29. Spanier GB. Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads.Journal of Marriage and Family 1976; 1: 15-28. doi: 10.2307/ 3 50547. [DOI:10.2307/350547]
30. Sanai zaker B. Family and maarriage scales. 1st Edition, Besat: Tehran, 2000 [Persian]
31. Soltani M, shaeiri MR, Roshan R. The effect of emotional focused therapy on increasing the marriage stability of barren couples. Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2013; 4: 383-389 [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb