Fri, Aug 6, 2021
OPEN ACCESS
Volume 20, Issue 1 (January - February 2021)                   Payesh 2021, 20(1): 71-80 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.ZAUMS.REC.1399.114


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rezaee N, Poyamoghadam S, Navidian A, Ghaljeh M. Comparing quality of life therapy and a psychoeducational intervention on burden of family caregivers of patients with severe mental illness. Payesh. 2021; 20 (1) :71-80
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1567-en.html
1- Nursing and Midwifery School, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2- Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3- Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (534 Views)
Objective (s): Family caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders experience a great deal of psychological burden. Various interventions have been performed to reduce the psychological problems and psychological burden of caregivers. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a psychoeducational intervention and quality of life therapy on the psychological burden of family caregivers of patients with severe mental illness.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 150 family caregivers of severely mentally ill patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Zahedan, Iran, in 2020. Caregivers randomly were allocated in three groups: quality of life therapy intervention (50 people), psycho-education intervention (50 people) and control group (50 people). The quality of life therapy intervention group received 8 sessions and psycho-education group received four sessions training during two weeks each lasting for 90 minutes. The psychological burden of caregivers was assessed before and 4 weeks after the training through using the Zarit burden questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 22 using paired t-test, independent t-test, chi-square and ANOVA.
Results: The mean score of psychological burden of caregivers was significantly different between the three groups after the intervention (P = 0.002). Post hoc analysis showed that the mean score of psychological burden of caregivers in quality of life therapy group and psychological education was significantly different from the control group (P = 0.001). Also, the mean score of psychological burden of caregivers in quality of life therapy was significantly less than the score in psychological educational intervention group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Quality of life therapy was more effective in reducing the psychological burden of family caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders compared to psychological educational intervention.
Full-Text [PDF 1070 kb]   (159 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: psychologhy
Received: 2021/01/15 | Accepted: 2021/01/23 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/02/22 | Published: 2021/03/1

References
1. Steel Z, Marnane C, Iranpour C, Chey T, Jackson JW, Patel V, et al. The global prevalence of common mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis 1980-2013. International Journal of Epidemiology2014;43:476-93doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu038. [DOI:10.1093/ije/dyu038]
2. Vandad Sharifi M, Hajebi A, Radgoodarzi R. Twelve-month prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders in Iran: the Iranian Mental Health Survey 2011. Archives of Iranian Medicine 2015; 18: 76e84
3. Nesvåg R, Jönsson EG, Bakken IJ, Knudsen GP, Bjella TD, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Melle I, Andreassen OA. The quality of severe mental disorder diagnoses in a national health registry as compared to research diagnoses based on structured interview. BMC Psychiatry 2017; 17: 93 [DOI:10.1186/s12888-017-1256-8]
4. Rahmani F, Ranjbar F, Hosseinzadeh M, Razavi SS, Dickens GD,Vahidi M. Coping strategies of family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in Iran: A cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Nursing Sciences 2019; 6: 148-153 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.03.006]
5. Wells R, Dywan J, Dumas J. Life satisfaction and distress in family caregivers as related to specific behavioral changes after traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury 2005; 19:1105-1115 [DOI:10.1080/02699050500150062]
6. Mojaradkahani AH, GhanbareHashemabade GH. Assessing the effectiveness of educational interventions on mental group family practice patients with mood disorders, Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy 2011; 1: 399-412 [Persian]
7. Kiani A, Solati K. The effect of quality of life therapy (QOLT) on mental health for the families of chronic psychotic patients. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences 2018; 20: 51-58 [Persian]
8. Chan, SW. Global perspective of burden of family caregivers for persons with schizophrenia. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 2011; 25: 339-349. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2011.03.008]
9. Brodaty H, Green A, Koschera A. Meta‐analysis of psychosocial interventions for caregivers of people with dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2003; 51:657-64 [DOI:10.1034/j.1600-0579.2003.00210.x]
10. Sharif F, Shaygan M, Mani A. Effect of psycho-educational intervention for family members caregiver burdens and psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia in Shiraz , Iran BMC Psychiatry 2012;12:48 [DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-12-48]
11. Khodabakhshi Koolaee A, Etemadi A: The outcome of family interventions for the mothers of schizophrenia patients in Iran. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2010; 56: 634-646 10.1177/0020764009344144 [Persian] [DOI:10.1177/0020764009344144]
12. Mami S, kaikhavani S, Amirian K, Neyazi E. The effectiveness of family psycho-education on mental health family members of patients with psychosis. Scientific Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2016;24:8-17 [Persian] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.sjimu.24.1.8]
13. Raeisi M, Navidian A, Rezaee N. Comparison of the Effect of Nurses' Education on Stress, Anxiety and Depression of Family Caregivers of Patients Hospitalized with Schizophrenia Disorder. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2020; 11:82-7
14. Dixon LB, Luksted A, Medoff DR , BurlandJ , Stewart B , Lehman AF ,et all . Outcomes of a randomized study of a peer -taught family-to-family education program for mental illness. Psychiatric Services 2011; 62:7-591 [DOI:10.1176/ps.62.6.pss6206_0591]
15. Navidian A, Kermansaravi F, Navabirigi SH. The effectiveness of a group psycho-educational program on family caregiver burden of patients with mental disorders. BMC Research Notes 2012; 5:399 [DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-5-399]
16. Pahlavanzadeh S, Navidian A, Yazdani M. The effect of psycho-education on depression, anxiety and stress in family caregivers of patient with mental disorders. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences 2010; 3:228-236 [Persian]
17. Frisch MB. Quality of life therapy: applying a life satisfaction approach to positive psychology and cognitive therapy. 1st Edition, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2006.
18. Frisch MB. Evidence-based well-being/positive psychology assessment and intervention with quality of life therapy and coaching and the quality of life inventory (QOLI). Social Indicators Research 2013; 114: 193-227 doi: 10.1007/s11205-012-0140-7. [DOI:10.1007/s11205-012-0140-7]
19. Abedi MR, Vostanis P. Evaluation of quality of life therapy for parents of children with obsessive compulsive disorders in Iran. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2010;19:605-613 DOI10.1007/s00787-010-0099-4 [DOI:10.1007/s00787-010-0098-4]
20. Karimi Z, Rezaee N, Shakiba M, Navidian A. Effect of the quality of life therapy intervention on the burden of the family caregivers of addicts. Hayat 2019; 25: 231-251 [Persian]
21. Padash Z, Fatehizadeh M, Abedi M, Izadikhah Z. The effect of quality of life therapy on marital satisfaction. Behavioral Sciences Research 2013;10:363-372 [Persian]
22. Nooripour R, Bass CK, Apsche J. Effectiveness of quality of life therapy aimed at improving sexual efficacy and marital satisfaction in addict couples of treatment period. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy 2013; 8:26-29 [DOI:10.1037/h0100973]
23. Karimi Z, Rezaee N, Shakiba M, Navidian A. The Effect of group counseling based on quality of life therapy on stress and life satisfaction in family caregivers of individuals with substance use problem: A Randomized controlled trial, Issues in Mental Health Nursing 2019; 40:1012-1018 doi:10.1080/01612840.2019.1609635 [DOI:10.1080/01612840.2019.1609635]
24. Zarit SH, Reever KE, Bach-petrson J. Relatives of the impaired elderly: correlates of feelings of burden. Gerontologist, 1980; 20:649-655 [DOI:10.1093/geront/20.6.649]
25. Navidian A, Bahari F. Burden experienced by family caregivers of patients with mental disorders. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research 2008; 23: 19-28
26. Magliano L, Fiorillo A, Malangone C, De Rosa C, Favata G, Sasso A, et al. Family psycho-educational interventions for schizophrenia in routine settings: impact on patients' clinical status and social functioning and on relatives' burden and resources. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale 2006; 15: 219-27. [DOI:10.1017/S1121189X00004474]
27. Orrell M, Yates L, Leung P, Kang S, Hoare Z, Whitaker C, et al. The impact of individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) on cognition, quality of life, caregiver health, and family relationships in dementia: A randomized controlled trial. PLOS Medicine 2017; 214: e1002269 doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002269 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002269]
28. Ysefpoor N, Akbari A, Ahangari E, Samari AA. An investigation of the effectiveness of psychotherapy based on the life quality improvement on the reduction of depression of those suffering from complicated grief. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling 2017; 7: 21-37 doi:10.22067/ijap.v7i1.54663 [Persian]
29. Mitchell J, Stanimirovic R, Klein B, Vella-Brodrick D. A randomized controlled trial of a self-guided internet intervention promoting well-being. Computers in Human Behavior 2009; 25: 749-760 doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2009.02.003. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2009.02.003]
30. Porzoor P, Alizadeh Ghoradel J, Yaghuti Zargar H, Basharpoor S. Effectiveness of positive psychotherapy in improving opiate addicts' quality of life. Quarterly Journal of Research on Addiction 2015; 9: 137-148 [Persian]
31. Karimi Z, Rezaee N, Shakiba M, Navidian A. The effect of group counseling based on quality of life therapy on psychological reactions in family caregivers of addicts. Hayat 2020; 26:163-177 [Persian]
32. Kajbaf M, Hosseini F, Qamarani A, Rosazian N. Comparison of the efficacy of life quality therapy and Islamic-based Islamic-based treatment on perceived stress, anxiety and depression in women with tension cancer. Clinical Psychology 2017; 9: 21-38 [Persian]
33. Rostami M, Abolghasemi A, Narimani M. Effectiveness of psychotherapy based on the quality of life, psychological well-being discordant couples. Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy Family 2012; 3:105- 123 [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb