Consequences and factors affecting work-related low back pain among nursing professionals: A qualitative study - Payesh (Health Monitor)
Tue, Jun 18, 2024
Volume 18, Issue 3 (May - June 2019)                   Payesh 2019, 18(3): 291-303 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR. TUM. REC. 2017/545
Clinical trials code: IRCT20170313033054N2

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi S, Tavafian S, Hidarnia A, Montazeri A. Consequences and factors affecting work-related low back pain among nursing professionals: A qualitative study . Payesh 2019; 18 (3) :291-303
1- Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Health Metrics Research Center, Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4937 Views)
Objective (s): The present study aimed to identify and describe the perceived risk of occupational low back pain and contributing factors among nursing personnel.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted on a sample of nurses with at least one-year experience in a hospital. Focused group discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model as a framework. Then, they were transcribed and analyzed using content analysis.
Results: In all 12 nursing personnel were interviewed. Predisposing factors were extracted from the sub-themes (feeling of risk, perception of the severity of the risk, self-efficacy, perception of the value of health) and reinforcement factors from sub-themes (the role of colleagues in the workplace, physical and mental benefits, economic interests). Two sub-themes (facilitators and organizational barriers) were identified in relation to managerial and enabling factors.
Conclusion: The analysis showed that occupational low back pain affects the individual, social and occupational life of nurses. Therefore, working conditions, mental conditions, and rules governing the hospital should be scrutinized to insure that nursing professionals maintain good health.
Full-Text [PDF 809 kb]   (1361 Downloads)    
type of study: Descriptive |
Received: 2019/05/18 | Accepted: 2019/07/1 | ePublished ahead of print: 2019/07/3 | Published: 2019/07/16

1. (BLS) BoLS. Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work, 2010. US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, DC; Wednesday, November 9, 2011.
2. Fan X, Straube S. Reporting on work-related low back pain: Data sources, discrepancies and the art of discovering truths. Pain Management 2016; 6: 553-559 [DOI:10.2217/pmt.16.8]
3. Gagne M A, Carl-Ardy Dubois C R, Prud'Homme A, Borges Da Silva R. A cross-sectional study on workplace experience: a survey of nurses in Quebec, Canada. Human Resources for Health 2019; 17: 1-11 [DOI:10.1186/s12960-019-0358-4]
4. Vereckei E, Susanszky E, Kopp M, Ratko I, Czimbalmos A, Nagy Z, et al. Psychosocial, educational, and somatic factors in chronic nonspecific low back pain. Rheumatology International 2013;33:587-92 [DOI:10.1007/s00296-013-2755-7]
5. El-Soud A M A, El-Najjara A R, El-Fattaha N A, Hassan A.A. Prevalence of low back pain in working nurses in Zagazig University Hospitals: an epidemiological study. Egyptian Rheumatology & Rehabilitation 2014; 41: 109-115 [DOI:10.4103/1110-161X.140525]
6. Al Dajah S, Al Daghdi A. Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain among nurses in Sudayr region. European Scientific Journal, ESJ 2013;9: 198-205
7. Patil NJ, Nagaratna R, Tekur P, Manohar PV, Bhargav H, Patil D. A randomized trial comparing effect of Yoga and exercises on quality of life in among nursing population with chronic low back pain. International Journal of Yoga (IJOY) 2018; 11: 208-214 [DOI:10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_2_18]
8. Guan J, Wu D, Xie X, Duan L, Yuan D, Lin H, Liu L, Li J. Occupational Factors Causing Pain Among Nurses in Mainland China. Clinical Research. 2019; 25: 1071-1077. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912356 [DOI:10.12659/MSM.912356]
9. Sharif Nia H, Haghdoost AA, Beheshti Z, Soleymani MA, Bahrami N, Hojjati H, et al. Relationship between backache and psychological and psychosocial job factors among the nurses. International Journal of nursing and Midwifery 2011;3:86-91
10. Coole C, Drummond A, Watson PJ, Radford K. What concerns workers with low back pain? Findings of a qualitative study of patients referred for rehabilitation. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 2010; 20:472-80 [DOI:10.1007/s10926-010-9237-5]
11. Green LW, Kreuter MW. Health program planning: An educational and ecological approach: McGraw-Hill. 4th Edition: New York,2005
12. Naidoo J, Wills J. Health promotion: foundations for practice: Elsevier Health Sciences; 4th Edition, London, 2010.
13. Green J, Thorogood N. Beginning data analysis. Qualitative Methods for Health Research 3th Edition, SAGE Publications Ltd: London, 2013
14. CharoenpolF, Tontisirin N, Leerapan B, Seangrung R, Finlayson R J. Pain experiences and intrapersonal change among patients with chronic non-cancer pain after using a pain diary: a mixed-methods study. Journal of Pain Research 2019;12: 477-487 [DOI:10.2147/JPR.S186105]
15. Elo S, Kyngas H. The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of advanced nursing2008;62:107-15 [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x]
16. Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 7st Edition, English, 2010
17. Morse JM, Field PA. Qualitative Research Methods for Health Professionals. 1st Edition, Sage: New York, 1995
18. Wong LP. Focus group discussion: a tool for health and medical research. Singapore Medical Journal 2008;49:256-60
19. Fylan F. Semi-structured interviewing. A Handbook of Research Methods for Clinical and Health Psychology. Edited by Jeremy Miles, Paul Gilbert 2005. 65-78
20. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today 2004; 24: 105-12 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001]
21. Iman MT, Noshadi MR. Qualitative content analysis. Pazhuhesh 2011-2012;3:15-44 [Persian]
22. Hsieh H-F, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research 2005;15:1277-88 [DOI:10.1177/1049732305276687]
23. Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing Research: Principles and Methods. 1 st Editon, Lippincott Williams &Wilkins: Philadelphia, PA, 2004
24. Rosenstock LM, Strecher VJ, Becker MH. Social learning theory and the health belief model. Health Education Quarterly 1988; 15: 175-83 [DOI:10.1177/109019818801500203]
25. Lee CB, Chen MS, Chu CM. The health promoting hospital movement in Taiwan: recent development and gaps in workplace. International Journal of Public Health 2013; 58:313-317 [DOI:10.1007/s00038-012-0391-8]
26. Kilic R, Keklik B. A study about health care workers on the effect of the quality of work life and the motivation. Afyon Kocatepe University Journal. of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences 2014; 14: 147-160
27. Ipek Kose Tosunoz, Gursel Oztunc. Low Back Pain in Nurses. International Journal of Caring Sciences September-December 2017;10:1728-1732
28. Akinci A C, Dereli E, Sert H. Low back paın among nurses workıng in Kırklareli and the assocıated factors. Journal of the Acıbadem University of Health Sciences 2014; 1: 70-76
29. Yang H, Haldeman S, Lu M L, Baker D. Low back pain prevalence and related workplace psychosocial risk factors: a study using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2016; 39: 460-472 [DOI:10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.004]
30. Budhrani-Shani P, Berry DL. Arcari P, Langevin H, Wayne P M. Mind-body exercises for nurses with chronic low back pain: an evidencebased review. Nursing Research and Practice. 2016; 2016: 1-10. [DOI:10.1155/2016/9018036]
31. Stieglitz D D, Vinson D R, Hampton M D C. Equipment-based Pilates reduces workrelated chronic low back pain and disability: A pilot study. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies 2016; 20: 74-82. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.06.006]
32. Park B C, Cheong H K, Kim E A, Ki, S G. Risk factors of work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in male shipyard workers: structural equation model analysis. Safety and health at work 2010; 1: 124-133 [DOI:10.5491/SHAW.2010.1.2.124]
33. Abedini S, Morowatisharifabad MA, Enjezab B, Barkhordari A, Fallahzadeh H. Risk perception of nonspecific low back pain among nurses: a qualitative approach. Health promotion perspectives 2014;4:221
34. Ovayolu O, Ovayolu N, Genc M, Col-Araz N. Frequency and severity of low back pain in nurses working in intensive care units and influential factors. Pakistan Jour of Medical Sciences 2014; 30: 70-6 [DOI:10.12669/pjms.301.3455]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb