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Volume 18, Issue 6 (November - December 2019)                   Payesh 2019, 18(6): 559-567 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1394.572

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Doostifar K, Parsanahad M, Baharzadeh K, Khadem F, AhmadiAngali K, Araban M. Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes in Pregnant Women: A case-control study. Payesh. 2019; 18 (6) :559-567
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1224-en.html
1- Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
2- Socioal Determinants of Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- Shoushtar center of health, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
4- School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (211 Views)
Objective (s): About 90% of diabetes cases during pregnancy are due to gestational diabetes. This study aimed to assess risk factors for gestational diabetes in pregnant women.
Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 279 pregnant women with gestational diabetes and 346 non-diabetic pregnant women referring to health centers in Shushtar, southwestern of Iran, in 2017-2018. Demographic characteristics and information about risk factors for gestational diabetes were collected by a checklist. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using t-test, chi-square and multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results: The mean age of women was 27.88±5.49 years. History of macrosomia (P < 0.001), history of gestational diabetes in the previous pregnancies (P < 0.001), history of gestational diabetes in the family (P < 0.001), history of type 2 diabetes in the family (P < 0.001), and history of preeclampsia (P = 0.007) were identified as risk factors for gestational diabetes in univariate analysis, while history of gestational diabetes in the previous pregnancies and history of type 2 diabetes in the family were remained as risk factor for gestational diabetes in multiple logistic.
Conclusion: Due to the high incidence of adverse complications of gestational diabetes, designing a special care system in health services for pregnant mothers, especially mothers with a history of gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies and a history of type 2 diabetes in the family is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 908 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical
Received: 2019/12/7 | Accepted: 2019/12/30 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/01/4 | Published: 2020/01/18

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