Social capital and its related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes - Payesh (Health Monitor)
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Volume 17, Issue 2 (March-April 2018)                   Payesh 2018, 17(2): 137-146 | Back to browse issues page

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Behzad Saberi, Saharnaz Nedjat, Akbar Fotouhi, Asadollah Rajab, Ali Montazeri. Social capital and its related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes. Payesh 2018; 17 (2) :137-146
1- School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Pediatrician, Iranian Diabetes Society, Tehran, Iran
3- Health Metrics Research Center, Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3955 Views)
Objective (s): The relationship between social capital and health is well establishes. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social capital and its related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and conducted on 326 type 2 diabetes patients who referred to the Iranian Diabetes Society in 2016-2017. Data was collected by the Onyx and Bullen social capital questionnaire. This questionnaire has 36 items and 8 domains. The score range from 0 to 100. Data were analyzed by using statistical tests such as independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 55.33 (SD=11.32) years. The mean and (95% confidence interval) of the social capital score of participants was 45.72 (44.16-47.30). Among the eight domains of social capital, the highest mean score was related to the work connections domain 68.06 (63.90-72.22) and the lowest mean score was for the participation in the local communities domain 30.45 (27.97-32.93). The results of multiple regression model showed that gender had a significant association with trust and security where women had lower trust and security score than men (β=-7.88, P<0.001), also economic status had a significant and positive association with value of life domain and education with value of life, participation in the local communities, proactivity in a social context, family and friends connections and total social capital.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that women, patients with lower educational level and poor financial status due to low social capital were at greater risk of non-compliance of treatment and therefore the lack of favorable glucose control.
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type of study: Descriptive |
Accepted: 2018/02/18 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/02/24 | Published: 2018/03/15

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