Thu, May 26, 2022
OPEN ACCESS
Volume 20, Issue 6 (November - December 2021)                   Payesh 2021, 20(6): 703-718 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.ACECR.IBCRC.REC.1397.007


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Farzadi F, Jahangir A, Sadighi, J, Asgharnejad farid A, Aliakbarzadeh H, Aeenparast A, et al . Perception Diagnostic Algorithm and Perceptual Spectrum without Sensory Stimulus: A Tool for Screening Patients. Payesh. 2021; 20 (6) :703-718
URL: http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1720-en.html
1- Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- School of behavioral sciences and mental health, Iran University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Academic center for education, culture and research (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
5- Iranian Epilepsy Association, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (380 Views)
Objective (s): Evidences from various studies through the world reports experiences similar to hallucinations in people without a specific disease. This perception is called extrasensory perception, pseudo hallucination and paranormal cognition in scientific-research texts. The incidence and prevalence of extrasensory perception in different societies and the lack of information in educational programs of health service providers, indicate the necessity of appropriate criteria for diagnosing extrasensory perception from hallucinations and other sensory perception disorders. Differences in the causes and management of these situations increase the necessity of the issue.
Methods: Review and qualitative study methods were used in different steps of the study. In the review study, relevant information was collected from scientific sources in the field of psychiatry and psychology and in the field of Islamic philosophy and mysticism. During a series of expert panels and based on documents from review study, different states of perception were identified and a "perceptual diagnostic algorithm and its spectrum without sensory stimulus" were designed.
Results: Perceptual diagnostic algorithm is a tool to distinguish a person with experience of extrasensory perception from people with sensory perception disorders as well as normal sensory perception.
Hallucination, extrasensory perception and revelation are categorized as perceptual experiences without the presence of sensory stimuli. These situations Based on these characteristics: awareness of the presence or absence of sensory stimuli, physical and mental health of the experiencer, awareness of the message of perceptual experience forms the spectrum of perception without sensory stimuli.
Conclusion: The use of "perceptual diagnostic algorithm" and its spectrum without sensory stimulus" by physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, and counselors can meet the need to diagnose various sensory-related conditions in health system.
Full-Text [PDF 1016 kb]   (133 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: Helath Service Manager
Received: 2021/08/29 | Accepted: 2021/12/13 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/12/18 | Published: 2021/12/20

References
1. Sedman G. A comparative study of pseudo hallucination, imagery and true hallucinations. British Journal of Psychiatry 1966; 112: 9-17 [DOI:10.1192/bjp.112.482.9]
2. VandenBos Gary R. APA concise dictionary of psychology. American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, 2009. Print
3. Sidgwick H, Johnson A, Myers FWH, Podmore F, Sidgwick EM. Report on the Census of Hallucinations. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 1894; 10: 25-422
4. Honig A, Romme MA, Ensink BJ, Escher SD, Pennings MH,deVries MW. Auditory hallucinations: a comparison between patients and non-patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 1998; 186: 646-651 [DOI:10.1097/00005053-199810000-00009]
5. American Psychological Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, 2013. Print
6. Leo PW Chiu. Differential diagnosis and management of hallucinations. Journal of the Hong Kong Medical Association 1989; 41: 292-297
7. Rajabi MR. Auditory hallucination. Journal of Audiometry 2003; 12: 46-51 [Persian]
8. Manford M, Anderson F. Complex visual hallucinations, clinical neurobiological insights. Brain 1998; 121: 1819-1840 [DOI:10.1093/brain/121.10.1819]
9. Chen E, Berrios GE. Recognition of hallucinations: a multimensional model and methodology. Psychopathology 1996; 29: 54-63 [DOI:10.1159/000284972]
10. Berrios GE. Tactile hallucination. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychology 1982; 45: 285-293 [DOI:10.1136/jnnp.45.4.285]
11. Fujii D, Ahmed I. Characteristics of psychotic disorder due to traumatic brain injury: an analysis of case studies in the literature. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 2002; 14: 130-140 [DOI:10.1176/jnp.14.2.130]
12. Roshd.ir. perception & Illusion. Available from: http://daneshnameh.roshd.ir/mavara/mavara-index.php?page [Persian]
13. Terminology Department. A collection of terms approved by the academy of Persian language and literature (4th volume). 1th Edition, Academy of Persian Language and Literature: Iran, 2007 [Persian]
14. PoorAfkari N. Semiotics of mental illness for medical, nursing and psychology students. 11th Edition, Azadeh: Tehran, 2014 [Persian]
15. Iravani M, Khodapanahi MK. Psychology of feeling and perception. 21th Edition, Samt: Tehran, 2018 [Persian]
16. Kalantari E. Super sensory perception and the glorious Quran. Pajuhesh-ha-ye Quran va Hadis (Iranian Journal for the Quranic Sciences & Tradition) 2010-2011, 43: 133-152 [Persian]
17. Shirazi SM. Resalah Fi-Al-Hodooth. 2th Edition, Sadra Islamic Philosophy Foundation: Tehran, 2015 [Persian]
18. Ibn Sina A, Al-Taelighat. 1th Edition, Maktab-Al-Ealam-Al-Eslami: Qom, 1984[Arabic]
19. Elaine A. Psychotherapy and a very sensitive person. 1th Edition, Ashian: Tehran, 2018 [Persian]
20. VandenBos GR. APA dictionary of psychology. 2th Edition. American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, 2007
21. Abolghasemi Dehaghani MR. Perception problems. Scientist Journal 2013; 51:17-20 [Persian]
22. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Summary of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences - Clinical Psychiatry. 10th Edition, Ayande Sazan, Shahrab: Tehran, 2010 [Persian]
23. Ibn Sina A. Al-nafth Men Ketab Al-Shafa. Maktab-Al-Ealam-Al-Eslami: Qom, 1996 [Persian]
24. Shirazi SM. Al-Hikma Al -muta'aliya Fi-Al-asfar Al -'aqliyya Al-arba'a. 3th Edition, Dar Al-Ehya Al-Torath Al-Arabi: Beirut, 1981 [Arabic]
25. De Morsier G. "Le syndrome de Charles Bonnet: hallucinations visuelles des vieillards sans deficience mentale". Ann Med Psychol 1967; 125: 677-701[French]
26. Jafari MT. Tarjome va Tafsire Nahj-Albalagha. Vol 7. 1th Edition, Daftare Nashre Farhange Eslami: Tehran, 1997 [Persian]
27. Tabatabayi MH. Shia Dar Eslam. 16th Edition Boostane Ketab: Qom, 2018 [Persian]
28. Paya A. Analytical philosophy, issues and perspectives. 2th Edition, Tarh-e No: Tehran, 2005. P476 [Persian]
29. Copleston FCh. History of philosophy. 5th Edition. Elmi-Farhangi Soroosh: Tehran, 9:211-238, 1996 [Persian]
30. Qunawi S. Fokook. 1st Edition, Mowla: Tehran, 1992 [Persian]
31. Ibn Arabi M. Fotoohate-Makie. Vol 1. 6th Edition, Mowla: Tehran, 2018 [Persian]
32. Ashjaa M, Mystical Revelation. Religion & Mysticism 2009; 20: 135-163 [Persian]
33. Stace WT. Mysticism and philosophy 9th Edition, Soroush: Tehran, 2008 [Persian]
34. Benjamin, J. Sadock, M.D. Kaplan & Sadock's pocket handbook of clinical psychiatry. 6th Edition. Wolters Kluwer: Philadelphia, 2010
35. Hallgin RP, Whitburn SC. Psychopathology. 25th Edition, Ravan: Tehran, 1: 2020 [Persian]
36. Mesbah MT. Amoozesh Falsafe. 18th Edition, Amirkabir: Tehran, 2017 [Persian]
37. Jung CG. On the nature of the psyche. 2th Edition, Behjat: Tehran, 1996 [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb