Thu, May 26, 2022
Volume 20, Issue 6 (November - December 2021)                   Payesh 2021, 20(6): 743-757 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MODARES.REC.1399.163
Clinical trials code: IRCT20210301050542N1

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

moradi Z, Tavafian S S, kazemi S. Explaining factors related to neck pain and its preventive behaviors in teachers based on the health belief model: A qualitative study. Payesh. 2021; 20 (6) :743-757
1- Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Chalous Health Network, Mazandaran Medical Sciences, Chalous, Iran
Abstract:   (415 Views)
Objective (s): Neck pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders associated with work that leads to important social and economic consequences such as reduced productivity due to absenteeism, early leave and retirement, missed working days, financial loss. Due to medical expenses and poor work ethic due to discomfort when working in the workforce, especially teachers. The aim of this study was to identify and explain the causes of occupational neck pain and promote preventive behaviors based on the health belief model in teachers.
Methods: The was a qualitative study using the directed content analysis approach by telephone interviews with 25 high school teachers working Tehran, Iran, in 2020. Teachers were selected based on simple random sampling. Interview questions were designed based on the constructs of the health belief model and the information was analyzed using MAXQDA software.
Results: Based on the health belief model the following factors including awareness, sensitivity and perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers, cues to action and self-efficacy emerged as effective factors causing occupational neck pain in teachers.
Conclusion: Teachers expressed a number of reasons for neck pain experiencing. Due to the important role of teachers in educating children, adolescents and young people, their health should be considered a priority.
Full-Text [PDF 912 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2021/08/14 | Accepted: 2021/11/22 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/11/28 | Published: 2021/12/20

1. MM K. Work related musculoskeletal disorders among preparatory school teachers in Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Occupational Medicine 2017;41:115-26 [DOI:10.21608/ejom.2017.965]
2. Verma R, Madhavi K. The Effect of Postural Education on Decreasing the Severity of Neck Pain in Female School Teachers: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation Research 2017;6:24 [DOI:10.5455/ijtrr.000000216]
3. Jahre H, Grotle M, Smedbråten K, Dunn KM, Øiestad BE. Risk factors for non-specific neck pain in young adults. A systematic review. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020;21:1-12 [DOI:10.1186/s12891-020-03379-y]
4. Damayanti S, Zorem M, Pankaj B. Occurrence of Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among School Teachers in Eastern and Northeastern Part of India. International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention 2017;2:187-92
5. Norozi E, Malakimoghadam H. Factors affecting arthritis preventive behavior in middle-aged women in Birjand using the Health Belief Model. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences 2018;25:334-41 [In Persian]
6. Misailidou V, Malliou P, Beneka A, Karagiannidis A, Godolias G. Assessment of patients with neck pain: a review of definitions, selection criteria, and measurement tools. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine 2010;9:49-59 [DOI:10.1016/j.jcm.2010.03.002]
7. Shuai J, Yue P, Li L, Liu F, Wang S. Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers in China. BMC public health 2014;14:1211 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1211]
8. Yue P, Liu F, Li L. Neck/shoulder pain and low back pain among school teachers in China, prevalence and risk factors. BMC Public Health 2012;12:1-8 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-789]
9. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice: John Wiley & Sons , 5th Edition: San Francisco, 2015
10. Jeihooni AK, Askari A, Kashfi SM, Khiyali Z, Kashfi SH, Safari O, et al. Application of health belief model in prevention of osteoporosis among primary school girl students. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad 2017;5:6017-29 [In Persian]
11. Green J, Thorogood N. Beginning data analysis. Qualitative Methods for Health Research 3th Edition, SAGE Publications Ltd: London, 2013
12. Charoenpol F-n, Tontisirin N, Leerapan B, Seangrung R, Finlayson RJ. Pain experiences and intrapersonal change among patients with chronic non-cancer pain after using a pain diary: a Mixed-methods study. Journal of Pain Research 2019;12:477 [DOI:10.2147/JPR.S186105]
13. Elo S, Kyngäs H. The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2008;62:107-15 [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x]
14. Morse JM, Field PA. Qualitative research methods for health professionals 1995[Available from:]
15. Miles J, Gilbert P. A handbook of research methods for clinical and health psychology: Oxford University Press on Demand, First Edition 2005 [DOI:10.1093/med:psych/9780198527565.001.0001]
16. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Education Today 2004;24:105-12 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001]
17. Kazemi S-S, Tavafian S-S, Hidarnia A, Montazeri A. Consequences and factors affecting work-related low back pain among nursing professionals: A qualitative study. Payesh (Health Monitor) 2019;18:291-303[In Persian]
18. Hsieh H-F, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research 2005;15:1277-88 [DOI:10.1177/1049732305276687]
19. Tullar JM, Brewer S, Amick BC, Irvin E, Mahood Q, Pompeii LA, et al. Occupational safety and health interventions to reduce musculoskeletal symptoms in the health care sector. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 199-219:9,20,2010 [DOI:10.1007/s10926-010-9231-y]
20. Chaiklieng S, Suggaravetsiri P. Risk factors for repetitive strain injuries among school teachers in Thailand. Work 2012;41:2510-5 [DOI:10.3233/WOR-2012-0491-2510]
21. Ehsani F, Mohseni-Bandpei MA, Fernández-De-Las-Peñas C, Javanshir K. Neck pain in Iranian school teachers: Prevalence and risk factors. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2018;22:64-8 [In Persian] [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.04.003]
22. Rosenstock IM, Strecher VJ, Becker MH. Social learning theory and the health belief model. Health Education Quarterly1988;15:175 [DOI:10.1177/109019818801500203]
23. Temesgen MH, Belay GJ, Gelaw AY, Janakiraman B, Animut Y. Burden of shoulder and/neck pain among school teachers in Ethiopia. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019;20:1-9 [DOI:10.1186/s12891-019-2397-3]
24. Erick PN, Smith DR. Musculoskeletal disorders in the teaching profession: an emerging workplace hazard with significant repercussions for developing countries. Industrial Health 2015;53:385-6 [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.2014-0218]
25. Maghsoudian L. Ergonomic assessment of musculoskeletal disorders risk factors in office staff using ROSA method and Its relation with efficiency. Journal of Military Medicine 2017;19:31-9[In Persian]
26. Abe T, Kamada M, Kitayuguchi J, Okada S, Mutoh Y, Uchio Y. Is being a regular player with fewer teammates associated with musculoskeletal pain in youth team sports? A cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017;18:105 [DOI:10.1186/s12891-017-1470-z]
27. Anuar NFM, Rasdi I, Saliluddin SM, Abidin EZ. Work task and job satisfaction predicting low back pain among secondary school teachers in Putrajaya. Iranian Journal of Public Health 2016;45:85-92
28. Lanhers C, Pereira B, Garde G, Maublant C, Dutheil F, Coudeyre E. Evaluation of a digital preventive tool for musculoskeletal disorders in computer workers-a pilot cluster randomised trial. BMJ Open 2016;6:1-15 [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011304]
29. Solis-Soto MT, Schön A, Solis-Soto A, Parra M, Radon K. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers from urban and rural areas in Chuquisaca, Bolivia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017;18:425 [DOI:10.1186/s12891-017-1785-9]
30. Erick PN, Smith DR. A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011;12:260 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-12-260]
31. Erick P, Smith D. Musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in the teaching profession: a Critical review, Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia. OA Musculoskelet Med 2013
32. Cheng H-YK, Wong M-T, Yu Y-C, Ju Y-Y. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic risk factors in special education teachers and teacher's aides. BMC Public Health 2016;16:137 [DOI:10.1186/s12889-016-2777-7]
33. Llewellyn C, Ayers S, McManus C, Newman SP, Petrie K, Revenson T, et al. Cambridge handbook of psychology, health and medicine: Cambridge University Press, 1st Edition: UK, 2019 [DOI:10.1017/9781316783269]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb