Fri, Aug 12, 2022
Volume 20, Issue 2 (March - April 2021)                   Payesh 2021, 20(2): 167-178 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.BMSU.REC.1398.276

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohsenabadi H, Fathi-Ashtiani A. Evaluation of psychometric properties of the Persian version of the short form of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-18). Payesh. 2021; 20 (2) :167-178
1- Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1383 Views)
Objective: Cognitive emotion regulation represents an essential role in managing stressful events in people's lives. Some strategies are adaptive, while others are maladaptive and associated with various forms of psychopathology. This study aimed to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Persian version of the short form of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-18) among Staff of a Military University.
Methods: This was a psychometric research. The statistical population of this study was one of the military units in Tehran. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 310 people were selected by convenience sampling method. The instruments used included the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-18), the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42) and the General Job Satisfaction Scale (GJSS). Structural validity was examined by performing confirmatory factor analysis. Cronbach's alpha coefficients and test-retest were used to evaluate the reliability. The data were analyzed using SPSS-25 and AMOS-22.
Results: Confirmatory factor analysis results indicated a two-factor model of this questionnaire (RMSEA=0.03; SRMR=0.02; CFI=0.98; GFI=0.94).  The correlation scores of adaptive coping strategies with depression (-0.48), anxiety (-0.44), stress (-0.46) and job satisfaction (0.36) were significant (p <0.01) Also, the correlation of the scores of maladaptive coping strategies with depression (0.55), anxiety (0.42), stress (0.40) and job satisfaction (-0.30) was significant (p <0.01). The reliability coefficients of Cronbach's alpha and test-retest at 4-weeks intervals for adaptive coping strategies were 0.95, 0.88 and for maladaptive coping strategies was 0.88 and 0.77, respectively, indicating satisfactory results.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, the short form of the Iranian version of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-18) is a suitable tool with good psychometric properties to measure cognitive coping strategies.
Full-Text [PDF 1123 kb]   (536 Downloads)    
type of study: Research | Subject: psychologhy
Received: 2021/01/29 | Accepted: 2021/04/20 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/04/24 | Published: 2021/04/27

1. Kraaij V, De Wilde E. Negative life events and depressive symptoms in the elderly: a life span perspective. Aging & Mental Health 2001;5:84-91 [DOI:10.1080/13607860020020681]
2. Sloan E, Hall K, Moulding R, Bryce S, Mildred H, Staiger PK. Emotion regulation as a transdiagnostic treatment construct across anxiety, depression, substance, eating and borderline personality disorders: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review 2017;57:141-163 [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2017.09.002]
3. Kopp CB. Regulation of distress and negative emotions: A developmental view. Developmental Psychology 1989;25:343-354 [DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.25.3.343]
4. Aldao A, Sheppes G, Gross JJ. Emotion regulation flexibility. Cognitive Therapy and Research 2015;39:263-278 [DOI:10.1007/s10608-014-9662-4]
5. Garnefski N, Kraaij V, Spinhoven P. Negative life events, cognitive emotion regulation and emotional problems. Personality and Individual Differences 2001;30:1311-1327 [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00113-6]
6. John OP, Eng J. Three approaches to individual differences in affect regulation: Conceptualizations, measures, and findings. Handbook of emotion regulation, 2th Edition, Guilford Press, New York, United States 2014
7. Gross JJ. The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology 1998;2:271-299 [DOI:10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271]
8. Garnefski N, Kraaij V. Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire-development of a short 18-item version (CERQ-short). Personality and Individual Differences 2006;41:1045-1053 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.04.010]
9. Martin RC, Dahlen ER. Cognitive emotion regulation in the prediction of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger. Personality and Individual Differences 2005;39:1249-1260 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2005.06.004]
10. Araujo APdC, Gadelha MJN, Melo RLPd. Evidence of validity, reliability and psychometric parameters of the items of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Short (CERQ-Short). Psico-USF 2020;25:547-559 [DOI:10.1590/1413-82712020250312]
11. Garnefski N, Van Den Kommer T, Kraaij V, Teerds J, Legerstee J, Onstein E. The relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and emotional problems: comparison between a clinical and a non‐clinical sample. European Journal of Personality 2002;16:403-420 [DOI:10.1002/per.458]
12. Garnefski N, Baan N, Kraaij V. Psychological distress and cognitive emotion regulation strategies among farmers who fell victim to the foot-and-mouth crisis. Personality and Individual Differences 2005;38:1317-1327 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2004.08.014]
13. Garnefski N, Kraaij V. The cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 2007;23:141-149 [DOI:10.1027/1015-5759.23.3.141]
14. Berking M, Lukas CA. The Affect Regulation Training (ART): a transdiagnostic approach to the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Current Opinion in Psychology 2015;3:64-69 [DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.002]
15. Cakmak A, Cevik E. Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire: Development of Turkish version of 18-item short form. African Journal of Business Management 2010;4:2097-2102
16. Holgado-Tello FP, Amor PJ, Lasa-Aristu A, Domínguez-Sánchez FJ, Delgado B. Two new brief versions of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and its relationships with depression and anxiety. Anales De Psicología/Annals of Psychology 2018;34:458-464 [DOI:10.6018/analesps.34.3.306531]
17. Ireland MJ, Clough BA, Day JJ. The cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire: Factorial, convergent, and criterion validity analyses of the full and short versions. Personality and Individual Differences 2017;110:90-95 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.035]
18. Propheta I, van Zyl CJ. Measuring cognitive emotion regulation in South Africa using the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-short form. African Journal of Psychological Assessment 2019;1:1- 6 [DOI:10.4102/ajopa.v1i0.9]
19. Besharat MA, Bazzazian S. Psychometric properties of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in a sample of Iranian population. Advances in Nursing & Midwifery 2015;24:61-70 [Persian]
20. DeVellis RF. Scale development: Theory and applications. 4th Edition, Sage: United States, 2017
21. Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy 1995;33:335-343 [DOI:10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-U]
22. Fathi Ashtiani, A. Psychological tests: Evaluation of Personality and Mental Health. 1st Edition, Be'sat: Tehran, Iran, 2016 [Persian]
23. Macdonald S, Maclntyre P. The generic job satisfaction scale: Scale development and its correlates. Employee Assistance Quarterly 1997;13:1-16 [DOI:10.1300/J022v13n02_01]
24. Golparvar M, Taleb M. Mediating role of job satisfaction on the relationship between compulsory citizenship behaviors and organizational citizenship behaviors. Contemporary Psychology 2016;11:33- 46[Persian]
25. Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Anderson RE, Tatham R. Multivariate data analysis. 7th Edition, Pearson Education, New Jersey, United States 2010
26. Potthoff S, Garnefski N, Miklósi M, Ubbiali A, Domínguez-Sánchez FJ, Martins EC, et al. Cognitive emotion regulation and psychopathology across cultures: A comparison between six European countries. Personality and Individual Differences 2016;98:218-224 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.022]
27. Joormann J, Gotlib IH. Emotion regulation in depression: Relation to cognitive inhibition. Cognition and Emotion 2010;24:281-298 [DOI:10.1080/02699930903407948]
28. Gross JJ, John OP. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2003;85:348 [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348]
29. Aldao A, Nolen-Hoeksema S, Schweizer S. Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review 2010;30:217-237 [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.004]
30. Aldao A. The future of emotion regulation research: Capturing context. Perspectives on Psychological Science 2013;8:155-172 [DOI:10.1177/1745691612459518]
31. Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Fang A, Asnaani A. Emotion dysregulation model of mood and anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety 2012;29:409-416 [DOI:10.1002/da.21888]
32. Vanderhasselt M-A, Koster EH, Onraedt T, Bruyneel L, Goubert L, De Raedt R. Adaptive cognitive emotion regulation moderates the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and depressive symptoms during a stressful life period: A prospective study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 2014;45:291-296 [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.01.003]
33. Zimmer‐Gembeck MJ, Dunbar MD, Ferguson S, Rowe SL, Webb H, Skinner EA. Introduction to the special issue. Australian Journal of Psychology 2014;66:65-70 [DOI:10.1111/ajpy.12056]
34. Cai W-p, Pan Y, Zhang S-m, Wei C, Dong W, Deng G-h. Relationship between cognitive emotion regulation, social support, resilience and acute stress responses in Chinese soldiers: Exploring multiple mediation model. Psychiatry Research 2017;256:71-78 [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.06.018]
35. Shahba S, Alvani S, Zahedi S, Memarzadeh G. An investigation on the effect of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on job satisfaction. Management Science Letters 2014;4:1315-1324 [Persian] [DOI:10.5267/j.msl.2014.4.010]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb