Wed, Feb 26, 2020
Volume 18, Issue 6 (November - December 2019)                   Payesh 2019, 18(6): 527-536 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1397.452

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

bandani Susan B, Haghighizadeh M H, Araban M, Montazeri A. Interventions to Improve Body Image in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials. Payesh. 2019; 18 (6) :527-536
1- Public Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Public Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4- Health Metrics Research Centre, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (208 Views)
Objective (s): The numerous and complex treatments in women with breast cancer affect the body image of the patients. There are various ways to improve the body image of breast cancer survivors (BCS). This study aimed to review interventions to improve body image of women with breast cancer.
Methods: Several search engines including PubMed sites, CINAHL, ScinceDirect, Google Scholar, Magiran, Wiley online library, and SID were examined on the topic and the literature published between 2009 to 2020 were retrieved. Then, two independent reviewers using the consort checklist evaluated the quality of the studies.
Results: In all 186 studies were found. After adapting the inclusion criteria, 16 trials were selected for review. Overall iInterventions performed to improver body image in breast cancer patients were: psychological interventions (56.25%), and sport related interventions.(18.75%). The remaining interventions were related to other disciplines (25%). The shortest intervention was 20 minutes on a decision-making aid and the longest was Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for 24 weeks.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that evidence on interventions to improve body image body image is limited. Further studies are needed to provide sound evidence for improving body image for women who suffer from breast cancer.
Full-Text [PDF 999 kb]   (75 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical
Received: 2019/11/26 | Accepted: 2019/12/31 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/01/14 | Published: 2020/01/18

1. Coleman M, Quaresma M, Berrino F, Lutz J, De Angelis R, Capocaccia R, et al. Cancer survival in five continents: a worldwide population-based study (CONCORD) Lancet Oncol 2008; 9: 730-756 [DOI:10.1016/S1470-2045(08)70179-7]
2. Falk Dahl CA, Reinertsen KV, Nesvold IL, Fosså SD, Dahl AA. A study of body image in long‐term breast cancer survivors. Cancer 2010;116:3549-57 [DOI:10.1002/cncr.25251]
3. DeFrank JT, Mehta CCB, Stein KD, Baker F, editors. Body image dissatisfaction in cancer survivors. Oncology nursing forum 2007: Oncology Nursing Society 2007; 34: 625 [DOI:10.1188/07.ONF.E36-E41]
4. Helms RL, O'Hea EL, Corso M. Body image issues in women with breast cancer. Psychology, Health and Medicine 2008;13:313-25 [DOI:10.1080/13548500701405509]
5. Hopwood P, Fletcher I, Lee A, Al Ghazal S. A body image scale for use with cancer patients. European journal of cancer 2001;37:189-97 [DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(00)00353-1]
6. White CA. Body image dimensions and cancer: a heuristic cognitive behavioural model. Psycho‐Oncology: Journal of the Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer 2000;9:183-92<183::AID-PON446>3.0.CO;2-L [DOI:10.1002/1099-1611(200005/06)9:33.0.CO;2-L]
7. Hormes JM, Lytle LA, Gross CR, Ahmed RL, Troxel AB, Schmitz KH. The body image and relationships scale: development and validation of a measure of body image in female breast cancer survivors. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2008;26:1269-74 [DOI:10.1200/JCO.2007.14.2661]
8. Stokes R, Frederick-Recascino C. Women's Perceived Body Image: Relations with Personal Happiness. Journal of Women & Aging 2003;15:17-29 [DOI:10.1300/J074v15n01_03]
9. Han J, Grothuesmann D, Neises M, Hille U, Hillemanns P. Quality of life and satisfaction after breast cancer operation. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics 2010;282:75-82 [DOI:10.1007/s00404-009-1302-y]
10. Campbell MK, Elbourne DR, Altman DG. CONSORT statement: extension to cluster randomised trials. British Medical Journal 2004;328:702-8 [DOI:10.1136/bmj.328.7441.702]
11. Lewis-Smith H, Diedrichs PC, Harcourt D. A pilot study of a body image intervention for breast cancer survivors. Body Image 2018;27:21-31 [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.006]
12. Björneklett HG, Rosenblad A, Lindemalm C, Ojutkangas M-L, Letocha H, Strang P, et al. Long-term follow-up of a randomized study of support group intervention in women with primary breast cancer. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2013;74:346-53 [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.11.005]
13. Barton DL, Brooks TM, Cieslak A, Elkins GR, Clark PM, Baydoun M, et al. Phase II randomized controlled trial of hypnosis versus progressive muscle relaxation for body image after breast or gynecologic cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2019:1-9 [DOI:10.1007/s10549-019-05395-6]
14. Hummel SB, van Lankveld JJ, Oldenburg HS, Hahn DE, Kieffer JM, Gerritsma MA, et al. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy realizes long-term improvement in the sexual functioning and body image of breast cancer survivors. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy 2018;44:485-96 [DOI:10.1080/0092623X.2017.1408047]
15. Esplen MJ, Wong J, Warner E, Toner B. Restoring body image after cancer (ReBIC): Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2018;36:749-56 [DOI:10.1200/JCO.2017.74.8244]
16. Khalatbari J, Hemmati SV, Mohammadi H. Effect of compassion-focused therapy on body image and marital satisfaction in women with Breast Cancer 2018 [Persian] [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijbd..11.3.7]
17. Afrooz G, Dalir M, Sadeghi M. The effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on body image, life expectancy and happiness in women with mastectomy experience. Journal Health Psychologhy 2018;6:180-95 [Persian]
18. Pintado S, Andrade S. Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness program to enhance body image in patients with breast cancer. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 2017;12:147-52 [DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2017.05.009]
19. Sherman KA, Przezdziecki A, Alcorso J, Kilby CJ, Elder E, Boyages J, et al. Reducing body image-related distress in women with breast cancer using a structured online writing exercise: Results from the my changed body randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2018;36:1930-40 [DOI:10.1200/JCO.2017.76.3318]
20. Mehnert A, Veers S, Howaldt D, Braumann K-M, Koch U, Schulz K-H. Effects of a physical exercise rehabilitation group program on anxiety, depression, body image, and health-related quality of life among breast cancer patients. Oncology Research and Treatment 2011;34:248-53 [DOI:10.1159/000327813]
21. Morone G, Iosa M, Fusco A, Scappaticci A, Alcuri MR, Saraceni VM, et al. Effects of a multidisciplinary educational rehabilitative intervention in breast cancer survivors: the role of body image on quality of life outcomes. The Scientific World Journal 2014;1:1-11 [DOI:10.1155/2014/451935]
22. Speck RM, Gross CR, Hormes JM, Ahmed RL, Lytle LA, Hwang W-T, et al. Changes in the Body Image and Relationship Scale following a one-year strength training trial for breast cancer survivors with or at risk for lymphedema. Breast Cancer research and Treatment 2010;121:421-30 [DOI:10.1007/s10549-009-0550-7]
23. Vodermaier A, Caspari C, Wang L, Koehm J, Ditsch N, Untch M. How and for whom are decision aids effective? Long-term psychological outcome of a randomized controlled trial in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Health Psychology 2011;30:12 [DOI:10.1037/a0021648]
24. Shirvani H, Alhani F, Montazeri A. The effect of family-centered empowerment model on the functional scales quality of life in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Iranian Journal of Breast Diseases 2017;10:61-72 [Persian]
25. Park HY, Kim JH, Choi S, Kang E, Oh S, Kim J, et al. Psychological effects of a cosmetic education programme in patients with breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer Care 2015;24:493-502 [DOI:10.1111/ecc.12290]
26. Elahi N, Imanian M, Zarea K, Ahmadzadeh A, Jahromi MK. Effect of Continuous Care Model on Body Image Among Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: A Clinical Trial. International Journal of Cancer Management 2017;10:23 [DOI:10.5812/ijcm.8104]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Payesh (Health Monitor)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb