Women's fear of childbirth and its impact on selection of birth method: a qualitative study - Payesh (Health Monitor)
Volume 13, Issue 5 (September-October 2014)                   Payesh 2014, 13(5): 575-587 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5916 Views)
birth method; that are normal delivery or cesarean section.
Methods: This was a qualitative study. Eighteen pregnant and postnatal women (4 pregnant and 14 postnatal) were recruited using a purposive sampling method in 3 hospitals and 2 healthcare centers in Ahvaz, Iran. Participants were interviewed and were asked why they choose a given method for childbirth. The data analysis was conducted concurrently and interviews were continued until data saturation was achieved. Content analysis was performed to explore the data.
Results: The main theme emerged was ‘fear of childbirth including two categories: fear of childbirth process and concern about normal delivery complications. Fear of childbirth process included the following subcategories: general fear of childbirth, fear of labor pain, fear of a difficult vaginal delivery, stressful atmosphere of labor room, fear of being caught unaware during the labor and concerns of being called back by husband in choosing a normal delivery; and concern about normal delivery complications included the following subcategories: fear of fetal- neonatal adverse effects, concerns about body shape deformity after a normal delivery.
Conclusion: Fear of childbirth plays important role in selection of a given birth method, that is cesarean section, by Iranian women.
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type of study: Descriptive |
Accepted: 2018/11/28 | ePublished ahead of print: 2014/09/22 | Published: 2014/09/15

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